With China blocking the listing of five Pakistan-based terrorists in recent weeks, Foreign Minister S Jaishankar and US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken have raised the issue of listing the planners of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks as terrorists under the UN Convention on Terrorism. Conference in Mumbai on Friday.
The conference, held at the Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, one of the sites of the 2008 terror attacks, was attended by representatives of the 15 members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).
China’s Yan Hua Wang, a vice consul general at China’s Consulate General in Mumbai, who was also present in the room, asked countries to “avoid mutual grievances and politicization of technical issues”.
Indian officials detailed the conspiracy and 26/11 at a special meeting of the UN Counter-Terrorism Committee on ‘Prevention of the Use of New and Emerging Technologies for Terrorist Purposes’ held in Mumbai and New Delhi on Friday and Saturday. attack
In a presentation, watched by 15 current UNSC members and 5 incoming members, senior Home Ministry officials played the audio clip of Sajid Mir, the mastermind of the attack. In the audio clip, he is heard giving orders to shoot the terrorists at Nariman House.
The listing of Sajid Mir as a global terrorist, an initiative by India and the US, was blocked by China at the United Nations in September this year.
The Great Wall of China
India has been urging the UNSC to consider the signals it sends every time it blocks the move to list terrorists. China blocking US and India’s move to list Pakistan-based terrorists – Sajid Mir, Abdul Rauf Azhar, Abdul Rehman Makki are recent cases.
Pictures of all the prime accused in various terror attacks in India including Lashkar-e-Taiba Hafiz Saeed and Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi were shown on the screen to all the members present. Delegates sat at a replica of the iconic horseshoe table in the UNSC Chamber in New York.
UAE Minister of State for International Cooperation, Reem Ibrahim Al Hashimi, spoke about the Nariman House incident where Israelis were targeted and said, “We have all seen and heard what happened at Nariman House and we are all too familiar with how radical ideas lead to radicals. . practice.”
Several survivors of the Mumbai terror attacks, including Vaishali Ombale (wife of slain policeman Tukaram Ombale), Moshe Holtzberg (the Israeli boy whose parents were killed), Devika (who was a 10-year-old girl at the time) and an employee of the Taj Hotel Karambir Kang also spoke at the event. Nidhi Chapekar, a survivor of the 2016 Brussels airport terror attack, also spoke.
Jaishankar said, “In another month, we will observe the 14th anniversary of the horrific attack in Mumbai in November 2008. When one of the terrorists was caught alive, tried and convicted by the Supreme Court of India, the main conspirators and planners. The 26/11 attacks continue to be protected and unpunished. When it comes to banning some of these terrorists, the Security Council has unfortunately been unable to act in some cases due to political considerations. It undermines our collective credibility and our collective interests.”
“We must ensure the effective and transparent functioning of the Security Council’s sanctions regime and ensure that political reasons do not render them ineffective. Objective and evidence-based proposals for listing terrorist groups, especially those that restrict their access to financial resources, must be looked at,” he said.
Blinken, in a video statement, said, “Our accountability efforts are more effective when we work together. That is why we have worked with India to nominate a number of terrorists through the UN 1267 Committee. All relevant parties should support this designation. No nation can stand in their way.”
This was an oblique reference to China’s opposition to the terrorist list.
The US Secretary of State added, “…as we reflect on the immeasurable loss of 26/11, let it serve as a reminder to all of us of our unfinished business and the accountability of the perpetrators… and to prevent future terrorist attacks on either of us. People, everywhere.”
“But we have to do more than mourn. We have a responsibility to victims and people everywhere to bring the perpetrators, including the masterminds of the Mumbai attacks, to justice. This is why the US has been working together with India and other partners for the past 14 years. Because when we allow the architects of these attacks to go unpunished, we send a message to terrorists everywhere that their heinous crimes will be tolerated,” Blinken said.
Jaishankar said, “We all know that money is the lifeblood of terrorism. Terrorist organizations need funds and resources to maintain their organizational functions and conduct operations. The fact that terrorism continues to exist and expand points to an underlying truth: that terrorism continues to receive the financial resources it needs to flourish.”
In this regard, he made a 5-point suggestion for consideration by the UN Counter-Terrorism Committee:
“Effective and sustained efforts to combat the financing of terrorism are at the heart of the issue of countering terrorism. United Nations normative efforts must be coordinated through cooperation with other forums such as the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) and the Egmont Group.” “We must ensure the effective and transparent functioning of the Security Council’s sanctions regime and ensure that political reasons do not render them ineffective.” “International cooperation and concerted action against terrorists and their sponsors, including dismantling terrorist safe havens, sanctuaries, training grounds and financial and ideological as well as political support structures, is critical to defeating this scourge.” “Terrorism’s links with transnational organized crime, illegal drug and arms trafficking are now well established.” “Over the years, terrorist groups have diversified their funding portfolio. They are also beginning to exploit the anonymity provided by new and emerging technologies such as virtual currencies for fundraising and financing.”
“In this regard, we look forward to discussions at the special meeting of the committee in New Delhi tomorrow to provide innovative solutions for consideration by the international community,” he said.
British Foreign Secretary James Cleverley said, “We are here because we know that counter-terrorism cooperation must adapt and keep pace with new threats and emerging technologies. We have to do everything we can to prevent attacks like Mumbai.