Emerging from the shock of the Covid-19 pandemic, the economies of 19 states and union territories have surpassed their pre-Covid levels, with seven recording double-digit growth rates in 2021-22, an analysis of government data from 21 states and union territories shows. Growth rates for 11 states, including Gujarat and Maharashtra, were not available for 2021-22.
The analysis shows that 19 states and union territories shrank or recorded marginal growth in gross state domestic product (GSDP) in 2020-21 – the year the government imposed a nationwide lockdown in the wake of Covid-19. Outbreak. Their economies rebounded in 2021-22 and surpassed their pre-Covid (2019-20) levels.
While the sharp jump in GSDP in some states is due to base effects, the general trend reflects post-pandemic economic recovery. (reveal)
These 19 states and union territories are: Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Telangana, Delhi, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Tripura, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttarakhand and Puducherry.
Till August 1, 2022, GSDP (2011-12 at constant prices) figures for 21 states and union territories are available on the official website of the Union Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation. Kerala and Uttar Pradesh are exceptions; In 2021-22, their GSDP continued to be below pre-Covid levels.
Among these 21 states and union territories, Andhra recorded the highest growth at 11.43 percent, while Puducherry recorded the lowest (3.31 percent). Apart from Andhra Pradesh, five other states and one union territory – Rajasthan (11.04 per cent), Bihar (10.98 per cent), Telangana (10.88 per cent), Delhi (10.23 per cent), Odisha (10.19 per cent) and Madhya Pradesh (10.12 per cent) – 2021- reported a double-digit growth rate in 22 Haryana (9.80 per cent) and Karnataka (9.47 per cent) had close to double digit growth last fiscal.
The economies of the remaining 11 states and union territories – Tripura, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Punjab, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh – are expected to grow between 4.24 per cent and 8.69 per cent in 2021 -22. Among the larger states, Uttar Pradesh registered the lowest growth rate of 4.24 per cent in 2021-22.
While the sharp jump in GSDP in some states is due to base effects, the general trend reflects post-pandemic economic recovery. In 2021-22, India’s GDP expanded to 8.7 percent against a contraction of 6.6 percent in 2020-21.
In 2020-21, the GSDP of all states except Manipur (3.19 percent), West Bengal (1.06 percent), Tamil Nadu (0.14 percent) and Andhra Pradesh (0.08 percent) declined compared to the previous year.
GSDP figures for 2021-22 were not available for a dozen states and union territories – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, West Bengal, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Chandigarh. The Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation compiles the GSDP statistics reported by the Department of Economics and Statistics of the respective state governments.